Drinking tends to decrease with the onset of colder weather and horses will often drink less water during icy cold weather, particularly if there are any dental issues, writes Dr David Marlin.
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Many horses will not break the ice on water and even a thin layer will prevent some horses from drinking, so it is vital that you do this for them and remove all or most of it to prevent it from resealing quickly. You must break and remove any ice regularly to ensure access to water is maintained.
A study from Penn State University showed that raising the water temperature from just above freezing to 4-18°C will increase the amount of water consumed by up to 40%.
In some parts of the world, a water heater is recommended. Although sufficiently low temperatures for this to be needed do not often occur in the UK, it is worth taking steps to heat the water if it improves water consumption in cold snaps.
Adding a kettle of hot water to a full bucket of cold water can help increase water intake, although make sure to mix in the hot water thoroughly.
For example, a two-litre kettle of boiling water (100°C) mixed in with 15 litres of cold water at 5°C, will produce a new water temperature of around 16°C.
When freezing conditions are predicted, be sure to have a back-up supply of water.
Invest in water carriers so you can bring water from home, or fill every clean bucket at the yard, or both, and cover with a rug if necessary to prevent ice forming.
Keeping a kettle at the yard or even taking water in flasks to warm up water buckets is a really good option, particularly for horses with a history of impaction colic.
Also insulate water pipes and taps and lag with turnout rugs or blankets to keep the water supply flowing.
Don’t be lulled into thinking that snow is a substitute for water! A horse would have to eat around 25 buckets of snow to access 25 litres of water.
Remember, also, that horses cannot rehydrate just by drinking water; they also need access to water and electrolytes found in forage and feeds, or may be supplemented.
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Meet the expert: Dr David Marlin is renowned equine scientist. He is consultant to the British Equestrian Federation and a member of its World Class Performance Scientific Advisory Group. He has worked with the FEI on climate-related projects, including preparing teams for five Olympics, including Tokyo 2020. He also has an extensive background in the testing and development of equestrian products. David is the president of the UK National Equine Welfare Council and editor of the journal Comparative Exercise Physiology. Visit drdavidmarlin.com.