How to bandage a wound correctly


There are a variety of different bandages to suit different occasions, but it’s important to note that any bandage can be detrimental if applied incorrectly. 

For example, stable bandages provide protection, support and warmth, but if wrapped too tightly they can restrict blood flow.

Knowing how to bandage a wound correctly is essential. Here, Carl Hester’s supergroom Alan Davies gives a step-by-step guide to bandaging safely and securely.

1.    When bandaging over a wound, first ensure that the leg is clean and dry and that the wound has been thoroughly cleaned.

2.    Apply a sterile, non-adherent gauze or wound dressing and secure it loosely by wrapping roll gauze around the leg two or three times.

3.    Wrap a sheet of combine cotton around the leg. Ensure you cover the wound and dressing completely, with the layer of padding at least one inch think.

4.    Apply the cohesive bandage, starting an inch below the top of the padding and wrapping down the leg in a spiral pattern, overlapping the previous layer by half.

5.    Wrap the bandage down to within an inch of the bottom of the padding, then spiral up the leg again to finish near the top.

6.    Use an adhesive tape, such as masking tape, to secure the end of the bandage, and wrap the tape loosely around the top and bottom of the bandage to seal out dirt and debris.


As a general rule, the layer of padding should be at least one inch think to cushion and protect the leg. Always make sure there is about an inch of padding showing above and below the knee.

Ensure you check leg bandages frequently. Re-bandage every 12 hours for a standing bandage and every day for a wound bandage.

If in doubt, ask your vet or trainer to show you how to bandage correctly.

Keep your bandaging kit well stocked for emergencies.

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