Easy ways to Improve your bond

Sharing a strong bond with your horse is hugely important, without it you can’t achieve a winning partnership. Here, our expert international dressage rider and trainer Claire Lilley shares some simple ways to bond with your horse at home.

Sharing a strong bond with your horse is hugely important and will mean you work better together in every situation

Sharing a strong bond with your horse is hugely important and will mean you work better together in every situation

Give him a thorough groom
Horses bond by grooming each other, so it makes sense to do what another 'horse friend' would do. A good grooming session should last at least an hour. You can go further by using massage techniques after your grooming session.

Walk him out in-hand
In-hand work in the school is a great way to bond with your horse, and if you stand by his shoulder you can see his facial expression. Practice walk, halt, walk transitions in the school to start with and progress to leading him outside down a quiet lane. Just taking him for a walk in-hand will help you bond. Sit on a wall and pick some nice long grass to hand feed him.

Teach him turn around the forehand
Stand by his shoulder and with a schooling whip held alongside his body, tap him on his inside hind leg, on the thigh or cannon bone (whichever works the best) to ask him to step away from you. Alternatively press him with your fingers by the girth where you inside leg would be. The movement resembles shoulder-in 'around a dinner plate' with the front legs stepping around 'the plate' without crossing. The hind legs should cross over in big, sweeping steps. This is a great in-hand exercise that should get him thinking and means he’s working in close proximity with you, rather than only listening to you when you’re in the saddle.

Learn to long-rein
Long-reining is a great way to improve the bond between you and your horse and improve your schooling at the same time. Practice school movements in walk, such as circles of different sizes, serpentines, leg yield, shoulder-in and so on.

Master halting square
With your horse in-hand, try to achieve a square halt, if he leaves a leg out behind, touch the offending leg with a very long schooling whip, or use an old lunge whip with the lash chopped off (leave about 3 inches of lash attached). Try not to fiddle around too much with the halt though. If he won’t stand square with a couple of taps, then walk on and try a new halt.

Just enjoy his company
Find the time to just be with your horse, whether he’s in his field or his stable. Wrap up warm and take a picnic full of goodies you can share like apples and carrots. Sit in his stable and spend some time talking to him, stroking him and sitting with him.

More about our expert
Claire Lilley is an international dressage rider and trainer who trains horses and riders of all levels and knows just what it takes to achieve that winning partnership. See Claire's new DVD Stop! Go! Turn! for more schooling ideas. Visit www.clairelilley.com for details.

Six easy ways to tackle napping

Napping is often thought of in terms of a horse being naughty. But when he refuses to leave the yard, or goes so far and then tries to whip round and head for home, he shows another example of separation anxiety. If this sounds familiar, follow British Dressage and British Eventing Accredited Coach, Joanna Day’s tips for success:


1. Work him out

If you work your horse hard at home, then take him a short distance away, let him rest and, if possible, graze, you’ll find being near the stables will become less attractive to him, and going away from home will become more so. Repeat, gradually building up the distance.

 

2. Back to school

In the school, try riding a nappy horse with one other, then taking him away from the other horse while both are rested. Don’t let them stand together, but rest them in different corners for a short time.

 

3. Ask for help

Don’t cause yourself more problems – and risk having an accident – by trying to cope alone with napping problems. If you’re nervous and lack balance and stability, get help to give your horse confidence, which in turn will help your state of mind, and work on your own riding too.

 

4. Tough love

Don’t pat a horse to try and reassure him when he’s napping, because by doing so, you’re rewarding the behaviour. Pat him when he moves on, because that’s what you want to reward.

 

6. Leapfrog!

When you’re ready to ride out, once you’ve done in-hand work and separation exercises in the school you should be able to ride out a short distance and then gradually increase this. If you can go with another horse, try a useful technique called leapfrogging, where one horse overtakes the other and moves off and the one who is left behind is asked to accept this and stay calm. This work can progress to more challenging manoeuvres, including one horse going out of sight of the other. It can be used in-hand as well as ridden.

 

6. Be clear

Schooling for the right response will reap benefits. If your horse understands and is responsive to your aids in a schooling environment, you should have better communication away from it. 
Even if you prefer to hack, establishing communication will make hacking more enjoyable and safer.

Managing a moody mare

If, on occasion, your mare turns into a hormonal, buck-throwing, super-fresh handful at, our three experts are on-hand to help. Read on for their advice.

Advice from vet Gil Riley

As Gil explains, some mares can become very aggressive and flighty when they’re in season. “The first thing a vet is likely to suggest for a mare like this is a progestogen called altrenogest, which is widely used in a veterinary product known as Regu-Mate. It works in a similar way to the human pill in that it stops the mare’s cycles, and it’s one option that can be very effective in a large number of horses.

“The second option is the insertion of a sterile marble in through the cervix into the uterus. This tricks the mare’s body into believing she’s pregnant and this stops the cycles. The marble stays in there long term and, again, I’ve seen a lot of success with this method.

“In a small number of cases, year-round aggressive behaviour, especially where the mare shows almost stallion-like behaviour, may be due to a granulosa cell tumour. This is a benign tumour that produces a mix of hormones. It’s rare, but something your vet may well check for, especially if Regu-Mate or a marble insertion doesn’t solve the problem. A simple blood test can be taken to confirm the presence of this tumour.

“The final option is to put the mare in foal – but this isn’t a practical option for many.”

Advice from holistic therapist Dena Schwartz

“Spring can be a challenging time for many mares – their hormones are racing and they have one thing they need to do and that’s procreate,” says holistic therapist Dena. “In the wild mares would do exactly that and then spend the next 11 months blissfully pregnant.”

 Dena advises that offering certain herbs and oils once or twice daily can help a moody/mareish mare. “Allow your mare to decide which ones she needs, and how much of each she needs, as allowing her to control the dosage will give the best results.

“Red clover and liquorice root help to normalise hormone function, chamomile flowers will help her to feel calm and ease any discomfort, and nettle leaf is a gentle uterine tonic. You can get these herbs from www.naturaequine.co.uk

“Next, add three drops of rose otto, three drops of geranium and three drops of vanilla extract into small separate bottles of passion flower oil. Offer each one for her to inhale or simply lick from your hand.

“Most importantly, be understanding and tolerant of your mare – hormones are powerful things and can effect all of us in extreme ways.”

(For more advice from Dena visit www.animalaromatherapy.co.uk)

Advice from behaviour expert Andrew Kerr Sutherland

“Common sense is key when you’re riding and handling an extremely hormonal mare,” adds behaviour expert Andrew Kerr Sutherland. “You need to be conscious of your mare’s seasons and the fact she could suddenly become highly irritable as she comes into season; and be vigilant as to who she’s turned out with. Ideally she shouldn’t be around any males, especially a rig or stallion as this will make things ten times worse. However, she also shouldn’t be turned out with a dominant mare as this can cause even more problems and could end up in a fight.

“Some mares can spring into season unexpectedly, so make sure your horse’s home life is as chilled as possible to help bring her cycles back into place. But bear in mind that this can take up to two years depending on the mare.”

How to handle a horse that kicks

If you have a horse who kicks or strikes out at you without warning, it can be a worrying and nerve wracking experience and can damage your relationship. Make sure you and your horse are safe and sound with expert advice from Natural Horsemanship Trainer Charles Wilson.

“Kicking is a terrible habit, especially if it’s hard wired into your horse’s brain,” says Charles,

“but punishment for kicking is futile and often counter-productive, as fear is the root cause of the kicking in the first place, so punishment simply re-enforces it. Horses need to feel safe and know that there is nothing to fear and being around you is the safest place for them to be.”

If you have a horse who kicks out at you, it’s important that he learns to accept you at close range. This exercise will help:

Step 1: Get him used to your touch

Hold him loosely with a lead rope over your arm in a small area (bigger than a stable). Don’t tie him up as this could make him anxious.

Stroke him from his shoulder, using long gentle strokes and see if he relaxes under your touch. Lowering his head and breathing deeply are signs that he’s beginning to relax and accept you. For the first few sessions, don’t even attempt to go towards the hindquarters, stay up at the shoulder end and always wear a riding hat and sturdy footwear.

Stroke his head, neck, shoulders and front half of his ribs, before stroking further back towards the stifle. Remember to be patient and calm.

Step 2: Pay attention to his reactions

As you stroke him, make a mental note of any areas on his body where he tenses up, leave these areas and return to a point where he relaxes again. Return to the area that caused the tension and work around it - gradually building it up until he is fully relaxed with you being there.

Step 3: Take care around his back legs

Before you head down the hindquarters and back legs, familiarise him with being stroked with a stick over the parts where he feels least resistant. You are essentially using the stick as an extension of your arm. Then, when you feel ready, move down his back legs with your stick. It’s important to be very patient and gradual with your movements.

If he kicks out, don’t panic. Just keep soothing him with your voice and stroking him, until you can stroke a little way down the leg without him lifting it. Then stop and let him rest. Chill-out time is a must to take the pressure off.

You should find that over time you’ll be able to stroke down the hindlegs and even lift his tail a little. Be observant and monitor his body language. You should expect this process to take a few weeks.

Once he accepts the stick touching him, your hand will be the next step, but before that, allow a rope to swing around the leg, near the hock. Again, expect this work to take a few sessions and progress slowly until he’s familiar with the sensation of the rope.

Once you move on to using your hand, be sure to convey an air of confidence and calmness with slow and deliberate movements.

 

More about our expert

Charles Wilson MA, BHSAI is a Natural Horsemanship Trainer who has a wealth of experience in training horses. Training his own horses from his late twenties, Charles has successfully competed in all the major disciplines. It is this all round horsemanship skill and knowledge that gives such a deep insight into his work with both horse and rider.

How to deal with bucking

While watching your horse buck and play in the field is lovely, being on-board when he kicks up his heels is quite another matter. Bucking is a behaviour developed to stop predators getting on the horses’ backs. In domestic circumstances, however, it can be triggered by fear, pain, over-excitement, excessive energy, or high spirit and poor riding. Some horses do also seem to have particularly sensitive backs, while others will use the excuse of cold or windy weather!


Dealing with bucking:

1. Have a health check

Get in the experts to check his teeth, back and tack, so you can be sure there is nothing causing him pain. While you’re at it, invest in a lesson or two to be sure you are not inadvertently causing him any discomfort in his back or mouth by your riding.

2. Energy balance

Ask a nutritionist to assess your horse’s diet for his current workload. It can be easy to overfeed, especially if you have good intentions of riding more than you actually manage to. Good quality forage should make up the majority, if not all, of most horses’ rations.

3. Take avoiding action ­

Get to know the times when your horse is likely to buck and what the warning signs are. If his head drops and he slows, sit behind the vertical and take a firm contact to raise his head. Push your legs further forward and get your heels down, then encourage your horse to work forwards.

4. Safe circles

Riding onto a circle can help prevent bucking as your horse will need to use himself properly to balance. It also takes coordination and concentration.

5. What’s the benefit?

If you can either prevent the buck, or work through it and carry on with what you were doing, your horse will gradually realise he can’t get away with it. Be firm and confident, and he’ll realise that bucking doesn’t get him out of any work.

How to deal with Barging

Some horses have a habit of flying out of their stables, through gateways or pushing past their owners, and there can be a number of reasons for this behaviour.
"Very often horses are afraid of moving through narrow gaps because of a past knock or bang to the hips," Sarah Kreutzer advises. "This may have happened in a trailer or walking through a narrow gap and, after this, the horse will attempt to get through any small gaps quickly, resulting in behaviour very much like barging."
This brings us straight to the 'medical'. Make sure your horse isn't in any physical pain from anything, including a previous knock or bang.


Think Nature
Usually in the herd, horses (and especially the unhandled foals) are extremely wary and respectful of our personal space. They don't barge or push, instead they keep their distance, only approaching with caution if they feel secure enough to do so.
"Over-handled, homebred foals can often end up being very pushy. If they aren't given proper boundries as foals, they'll grow up thinking they don't need them, and this can create a horse who will barge," explains Sarah.
"Also, if we put an unhandled foal from the herd in a small space, they'd probably want to get out of there as soon as they can. Being in a confined area isn't normal for horses, so naturally they'll want to get out - and, for them the quicker the better!"

What are the signs that something is wrong?
Barging is a behaviour that happens on the spur of the moment. But that doesn't mean it starts one day out of the blue.
Don't forget that your horse may have been, or may currently be giving you, little signs that he's not happy and spotting them early could prevent him from barging altogether.

For example:
- Reluctance to load, or move through narrow gaps
- You're no longer in control of his feet
- He's losing respect for your personal space


What can you do?
When barging is an issue you need to question - who's moving who here?
"You should be able to lead your horse in a controlled manner without the fear of him rushing past or over you if he becomes scared," say's Sarah.
"Remember, if your horse is moving your feet, then he's in charge."

  • Positioning - Make sure your horse is never made to face or pass something he's frightened of too closely. Position yourself between him and the scary object to show him there's nothing to be afraid of.
  • Move his feet - You need to be able to move your horse's feet. If you do that then you're the leader. You're acting like a mother figure, which will reassure him.
  • Show him it's safe - Your horse could be feeling insecure and his barging might be an attempt to get close to you so he feel's safe. Take little steps towards the thing that's worrying him to show that it's safe for him to move nearer.
  • Remember you contract - Don't forget that by barging and being pushy, your horse is letting down his side of the bargain when it comes to your 'contract'. As one of Sarah's five key concepts, your horse should know that he shouldn't walk over you in return for you not walking all over him. Take back the control by using your body language - not by force. If your communication gets louder, he will only do the same thing in return.
  • Put boundries in place - Don't be tempted to let your foals get away with murder becuase they're small and cute. Put boundries in place early and stick with them from the point on. But don't go to the extreme and treat a horse like a machine - remember they're living, breathing, feeling animals just like us - let them keep their personalities.

Improve trust between horse and rider (video's needed)

Trust is the fundamental foundation that every horse and rider needs in place before they can progress and build on their training. A crucial element of building trust is getting your horse to feel safe with you and listen to what you are asking. 
These exercises are all about getting your horse listening and responding to your aids. He needs to trust you enough to listen to you even when he feels in danger. Horses are flight animals and we need to be able to control this and make them feel safe.

In this video, our expert David Deptford, who has a wealth of experience in training horses, shares four simple exercises that everyone can achieve.

 

Exercise 1:

The first exercise focuses on flexing your horses head left and right - This exercise helps your horse to feel safe with you and trust your hands

Exercise 2:

The second exercise is collect and release - This exercise also helps your horse to trust your hands and listen to your leg

 

Exercise 3:

Next up is getting your horse to move away from your leg - This exercise teaches him to give to pressure and learn to trust your leg

 

Exercise 4:

Finally the fourth exercise is about a change of direction – This movement teaches your horse to move off your leg in different directions

 

Moody mares

Mares - you either love them or hate them!
Some riders are adamant that if you've got a good mare then you've got it made - as they're loyal, intelligent, affectionate and make willing partners. Others refuse to put up with their ever-changing moods and unpredictability, especially if they want their horses to compete. Whichever camp you fall in you'll want to find out all you can about your mare and why she behaves as she does...

Why do mares get moody?

Find out why your mare can be an angel one day and a demon the next!

Horses reach puberty between 12 and 24 months of age and mares start their seasons (reproductive cycles) from then on.

During this time the two female hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, fluctuate in the mare's body - which can cause her changing mood.

Improve trust between horse and rider

Trust is the fundamental foundation that every horse and rider needs in place before they can progress and build on their training. A crucial element of building trust is getting your horse to feel safe with you and listen to what you are asking. 
These exercises are all about getting your horse listening and responding to your aids. He needs to trust you enough to listen to you even when he feels in danger. Horses are flight animals and we need to be able to control this and make them feel safe.

In this video, our expert David Deptford, who has a wealth of experience in training horses, shares four simple exercises that everyone can achieve.

 

Exercise 1:

The first exercise focuses on flexing your horses head left and right - This exercise helps your horse to feel safe with you and trust your hands

 

VIDEO'S NEEDED

 

Exercise 2:

The second exercise is collect and release - This exercise also helps your horse to trust your hands and listen to your leg

 

 

 

Exercise 3:

Next up is getting your horse to move away from your leg - This exercise teaches him to give to pressure and learn to trust your leg

 

 

 

Exercise 4:

Finally the fourth exercise is about a change of direction – This movement teaches your horse to move off your leg in different directions